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BBC纪录片《文明》第3集 第20期:天空低沉

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And you're absolutely enveloped by the wind,

你完全沉浸在寒风
the dark, lead-coloured light.
与昏暗铅色的天光中
But this still,
虽然损失了真实性
in its scraped-away authenticity, is a kind of home.
但这里依然是家乡
Tastes changed.
品味改变了
As the Dutch Republic became the richest country on Earth,
随着荷兰共和国成为世界上最富有的国家
so the moneyed wanted more sophisticated visions
有钱人对家乡的愿景
of their homeland.
也更复杂了
Every so often, a genius came along
时常会出现一个天才
who could make masterpieces
能够以同样的
out of the same, modest subject matter.
朴实的主题创作出绝世之作
Jacob van Ruisdael's great medium
雅各布.范勒伊斯达尔最擅长的表达媒介
was the dappling Dutch light, so that the skies,
就是荷兰斑驳的日光 从而使
which in the work of Van Goyen had been wet and dim,
凡.戈因笔下一度潮湿暗淡的天空
now became a grand opera of light and shade
变身为光影交错的宏大歌剧
with huge, rolling clouds as its cast of characters.
而翻滚起伏的巨大云朵则是剧中的角色
Ruisdael loved to exaggerate features,
勒伊斯达尔热衷于将特征夸大
to make them more theatrical.
使它们更具戏剧性
The romance of ancient ruins,
古代遗迹的浪漫
the sinister darkness of a boggy wood.
沼泽树木中不详的黑暗
And, in this painting,
还有 这幅画中
the great emblem of Holland has become a hero in its own right.
荷兰的伟大象征理所当然地成为了主角
Ruisdael's great gift was to take something homely and familiar -
勒伊斯达尔的天赋就是用平凡而常见的事物
and it doesn't get more homely, does it, than a windmill,
没有什么比风车更平凡了
and big it up to the max until it is something epic, heroic,
将它夸大到无以复加的程度
almost spiritually meaningful
使它在欣赏者的眼中如史诗 英雄般
to everybody who's going to look at it.
几乎具有了某种精神意义
Ruisdael was essentially a dramatist of the landscape,
勒伊斯达尔本质上就是以风景为素材的剧作家
and this is high theatre.
而这则是大剧院
Now, there really is a windmill
在这个名叫迪尔斯泰德附近韦克的镇上
at this town called Wijk bij Duurstede,
确实有一座风车
but he's made it absolutely enormous.
但他把它描绘得巨大无比
It has a kind of authority to it.
为它赋予了某种权威性

天空低沉.jpg

The sky is heavy.

天空低沉
There is dirty weather ahead.
预示着恶劣的天气
These clouds are boiling up into what might be a storm.
乌云翻滚聚集 可能酝酿着一场风暴
There are deep shadows hanging over the landscape.
地面的风景笼罩在暗影之中
These women, with their bonnets covering their faces,
几个用软帽遮着脸的女人
are hurrying home.
匆匆向家里赶去

重点单词   查看全部解释    
theatrical [θi'ætrikəl]

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adj. 剧场的,夸张的

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modest ['mɔdist]

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adj. 谦虚的,适度的,端庄的

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absolutely ['æbsəlu:tli]

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adv. 绝对地,完全地;独立地

 
authority [ə'θɔ:riti]

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n. 权力,权威,职权,官方,当局

 
enormous [i'nɔ:məs]

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adj. 巨大的,庞大的

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shade [ʃeid]

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n. 阴影,遮蔽,遮光物,(色彩的)浓淡
vt

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windmill ['windmil]

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n. 风车 v. (使)像风车一样旋转

 
opera ['ɔpərə]

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n. 歌剧
n. 挪威Opera软件公司的浏览

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landscape ['lændskeip]

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n. 风景,山水,风景画
v. 美化景观

 
covering ['kʌvəriŋ]

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n. 覆盖物,遮避物 adj. 掩护的,掩盖的

 


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